ater nfrastructure cience & ngineering


Water treatment is about matching the water quality available with the water quality required at an acceptable at least cost.

Water sources available to your project may be groundwater, surface waters including stormwater, seawater including desalination, third party supply, and/or reused or reclaimed waters.

The best water source option will variably depend on the total costs:

  1. Water source cost,
  2. Treatment cost to suit the use,
  3. Opportunity to recycle,
  4. Cost of wastewater treatment, and / or
  5. Cost of treated effluent disposal or containment.

Did you know?

Water reuse is a direct use of water from a previous use / user without treatment. 

Water reclamation requires treatment before a secondary use of the water.

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